Like all chemicals, flame retardants are subject to regulation by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), multiple state agencies, and regulatory bodies in countries around the world.

The U.S. EPA has authority to limit or prohibit a flame retardant’s use if it could present an unreasonable risk of injury to human health or the environment. The Agency’s authority applies to chemicals currently in commerce as well as new chemicals that manufacturers might wish to introduce into the marketplace/commerce.

EPA regulates new and existing chemicals, including flame retardants, under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). 

Other agencies, such as the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), have the authority to regulate the safety of consumer products that may incorporate flame retardants to meet fire safety standards. As part of the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA), the CPSC can regulate chemicals in consumer products.

North American Flame Retardant Alliance (NAFRA) members support a robust and transparent regulatory system that provides both strong fire protection and chemical safety.